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From: "Anita C. Mason" <>
Subject: Re: Soto y Lugo + Espinosa
Date: Sun, 25 Mar 2001 07:52:30 -0800
References: <>

From the book "Tell Me More Ancestor Stories, Grandma! A History of
Early California Families" by Diana J. Dennett [softcover, Parkplace
Publications, ISBN 1-877809-79-9, $24.95]:

"Pobladores en Los Angeles

Francisco Salvador LUGO and Juana Maria Rita MARTINEZ y VIANAZUL

Francisco Salvador LUGO was recruited in Mexico by Captain Rivera y
Moncada. Moncada was a "comandante of the Californias" and in charge of
recruiting soldiers. Francisco arrived in San Diego with Father Junipero
Serra on the transport Santiago on March 13, 1774, according to 'They
Did It All' by Waid, in reference to Antepasados II Centennial Issue.

Juan Salvador LUGO (Francisco's father) was married around 1739 to Maria
Josefa Francesca ESPINOSA, who was born in the late 1600s (they were my
great-great-great-great-great-great-great-grandparents). She was likely
from one of the ESPINOSAs who had a land grant in Mexico. ESPINOSAs were
conquistadors of the New World.

Francisco Salvador LUGO was one of the soldiers along with Pablo Antonio
COTA who escorted 'pobladores' (early settlers, pilgrims) to El Pueblo
de Los Angeles, September 4, 1781. He is named on a plaque of those
present at the founding of Los Angeles. This plaque is at the original
pueblo site on the corner of Exposition and Figueroa Boulevards in Los
Angeles and was dedicated June 6, 1981.

Among the first families to move to California, he was stationed in
Monterey and San Luis Obispo in 1775-1777. He owned livestock (no
mention of land) in Los Angeles when he was discharged in 1778. He
married Juana Maria Rita MARTINEZy VIANZUL who was born in 1745 in
Sinaloa, Mexico. Her parents were Jose(or Juan) Maria MARTINEZ and MAria
Josefa VIANAZUL. She died March 24, 1790 in Santa Barbara, California
and he died May 16, 1805, and is buried in Santa Barbara as well.

Francisco and Juana Maria had nine children. Theeir first four children
arrived with them in Alta California in 1774. One died young and the
others married into the COTA, RUIZ, CARILLO, RUBIO, VALLEJO, ROMERO and
VERDUGO families. The LUGOs are descended from the ancient Galican
family of LUGOs in Spain.

I am descended from their eldest daughter, Rose Maria LUGO, who married
Pablo Antonio COTA. Her brother Juan Maria Alejandro LUGO, was baptized
at Mission San Carlos and her sister, Maria Tomasa LUGO, was married to
Raymundo CARILLO at Mission San Carlos on April 23, 1781. Other children
of Francisco and Juana Maria LUGO included Salvador, who died as a
child, and Jose Antonio, a soldier at Santa Barbara.

Francisco and BOUCHARD

Francisco LUGO helped capture BOUCHARD's pirates after the attack on
REFUGIO Rancho in 1818. It is said that he carried the pirate John
CHAPMAN behind him on his horse.

Paraje de Sanchez

Owned by Francisco Salvador LUGO in 1839. The Rancho was possibly named
for Raphael SANCHEZ y GALVAN, who had the San Lorenzo Grant nearby and
was also the grandfather of my godmother and distant cousin, Maria
Antonio Catherine Bach Thompson, nicknamed 'Katie Bach,"

Paraje de Sanchez was southwest across from the Teodoro GONZALES Grant
of Rincon de la Puente del Monte (the town of Gonzales sits within this
Rancho). El Camino Real (The King's Road) ran through the Grant between
the Soledad Mission and the Missions to the north. [NOTE: This is in
Monterey County]"


In a box note is the following:

Spanish Land Grants

California belonged to the King and Queen of Spain, not to the country
of Spain. As such, lifetime land grants were bestowed by the Crown for
favors or services rendered, reverting to the Crown at death.

While all lands held by the Crown became the property of the government
of Mexico upon independence in 1822, the original Spanish land grants
remained in possession. Scanty official records indicate only about
forty grants at this time.

The Mexican governemnt allowed all interested citizens to apply for land
which became hereditary or could be disposed of by the owner. More than
800 Mexican land grants were issued this way.


There is also a closeup map of Spain showing the location of LUGO, Spain
in the northwest corner of Spain, above Portugal.

Hope this helps,
Anita C.
Monterey County

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